The important destination for our trade port
The port of Triste is one of the largest Italian ports and due to its location also one of the most important trading harbor for Austria’s economy and for us, as we were able to increase our activities in December. Thanks to its favourable position, only Koper in Slovenia is able to compete with Trieste. In the middle of Europe, between ship routes and the Baltic-Adriatic, as well as the Mediterranean Corridor, the Port of Trieste creates international connections between overseas and the dynamic market in Central and Eastern Europe. Trieste is an important transport hub for intercontinental, maritime long-haul routes as well as short and medium-haul routes for trade in the Mediterranean. From Trieste, ships travel directly to China, Singapore or Malaysia with stops at ports in Albania, Slovenia, Croatia, Greece, Turkey or Egypt. Total traffic in the port amounts is about 48 million tonnes a year. About 35 million tonnes of them are crude oil. The remaining traffic consists of different commodities like coal, wood, minerals, grain and oil seeds.
Investments in railway connections
The port of Trieste is counting on rail transport and would like to further strengthen it. Currently Trieste connects more than 400 trains a month with the industrial areas in Northeast Italy and the back country in Central Europe. Highly specialized intermodal services have been developed and offer constant traffic. In the port of Trieste there is an international railway network which is connected to the national and international network as well as all of the terminals.
A further attraction for rail freight transport is the restructuring of the shunting processes, which were completed a year ago. The fact that the entire traction in the harbor area can now be carried out with one instead of two locomotives means a considerable time saving for the railway operators and the terminals.
Since November 2016, the “Gate Four” (Varco 4) has also been activated to connect the container terminal directly to the national and international rail network. The additional track allows a significant increase of 45% in the port’s efficiency and rail capacity. This means an increase from 7,500 to 11,500 trains a year or a weekly rail capacity from 120 to more than 200 trains.
The Trieste port sees rail as its core business and strives to become Italy’s first international railway port, with daily departures and direct connections to Central- / Eastern Europe and Northern Italy. In autumn 2016, the port has already reinforced its rail connections to Eastern Europe: there are now five rail connections to Budapest weekly and one per week to the terminal Dunajska Streda, in the south of Bratislava.
Reinforcement of our transports
We carry out regular transports to and from the port of Trieste too. As the strongest railway company, we have been able to significantly increase transport activities since December 2016. Through our customers’ orders, we are now transporting trailers and tank containers in two rotations a week between Trieste and Ludwigshafen – with an option to increase the number of rotations. At the end of 2015, 30 trailers were transported to Trieste and back in three weekly round trips between Trieste and Ostrava, in the Czech Republic, for one of our client. In the middle of the year 2016 the extension to four rotations per week succeeded. In addition, the production services were converted to in-house traction conducted by Rail Cargo Carrier in the Czech Republic.
In total, we ran 3,174 trains from Trieste in 2016
364 to Villach, 280 to Munich, 405 to Budapest, 649 to Salzburg, 102 to Burghausen, 344 to Ostrava, 493 to Wels, 100 to Bremerhafen, 100 to Kecskemét (Hungary) , 100 to Gliwice (Poland), 160 to Schwechat, 56 to Ulm and 18 to Ludwigshafen. A total of 113,839 Twenty Foot Equivalent Units were carried out in 2016 from Trieste.
The positive trend in the port of Trieste continued in 2016. Goods handling accounting for 59,237,293 tonnes, an increase of 3.68 percent. 7,631 dispatched trains represent an increase of 27.61 percent compared to 2015. Liquid bulk goods were registered with an increase of 3.56 percent, solid bulk goods with a plus of 22.45 percent. There was also an increase of 1.92 percent in the rolling road and container segment. In recent years, Trieste has already conquered a leading position in intermodal transport and positioned itself in Italy as top place in rail transport: In 2015, there was an increase of 13 percent already.
The foundation of the port goes back to the 18th century and Emperor Charles VI. from Austria. Trieste replaced Venice with its leading role in trade with the Middle East and developed itself to the largest trading center in the Adriatic. The exploitation of the Suez Canal in 1869 strengthened the importance of the port as an access to the Central European economic centers along the trade routes to the Middle and Far East. In a recent project, the old part of Trieste’s port, the “Porto Vecchio” will be revived, which has lost importance over the years because of the dwindling importance of Trieste as a commercial town from the end of the First World War and the expansion of the facilities in the new port. The old harbor has been decaying for decades and can only be seen from the sea or through barbed wire fences along the railway line. The almost 600,000 square meters of separated area are to be renovated and various urban development projects are planned.
Facts, facts, facts Port of Trieste
The port area of Trieste covers an area of 2,304,000 square meters. 1,765,000 square meters of it are declared as freeport zones. The freeport zone counts as forgein customs of the European Union. 925,000 square meters of storage space are also available. The port of Trieste has twelve quays, 47 operational moorages and a railway network consisting 70 kilometers of tracks with direct railway connections for all quays.
Sources: Kurier, 5.9.2016; ÖVZ, 12.8.2016; ÖVZ 16.2.2016; ÖVZ, 21.11.2016; Trend 13.5.2016; Verkehrsrundschau, 31.1.2017